Alexios I Komnenos

   Emperor (q.v.) from 1081-1118. He is often viewed as one of Byzantium's great emperors, in part because of the memorable impression of his reign in the Alexiad, written by his daughter Anna Komnene (q.v.). He found the empire beset by foreign enemies, which he successively defeated, or at least neutralized. The greatest threat by far was from the Normans (q.v.). For the first four years of his reign he fought the Normans under Robert Guiscard and Bohemund (qq.v.), whose attack on Dyrrachion (q.v.) was intended as a prelude to an attack on Constantinople (q.v.). From 1085-1091 he concentrated on defending the northern frontier from incursions by the Pechenegs (q.v.), who Alexios annihilated at the battle of Mount Lebounion in 1091. After 1091 he turned his attention to the Seljuks of Asia Minor (qq.v.), sending appeals for mercenaries to the West. The response was the First Crusade (q.v.), which sent thousands of unruly Crusaders to Constantinople, among whom was a Norman contingent led by Alexios's former enemy Bohemund. Alexios's handling of the First Crusade was masterful, as seen in his acquisition of Nicaea (q.v.) in 1097. His internal policy consisted of reforms of both court titles and coinage, which included the gold hyperpyron (q.v.). He defended Orthodoxy (q.v.) by persecuting the Bogomils and John Italos (qq.v.) and supporting monastic establishments on Mount Athos and Patmos (qq.v.). However, Alexios's brilliance staved off decline in the short term. Moreover, his granting of unrestricted trading privileges to Venice (q.v.) in 1082, in return for Venetian help against the Normans, undermined future long-term recovery.
   See Empire of Trebizond.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Alexios I. Komnenos — (griechisch Ἀλέξιος Α Κομνηνός, * 1048; † 15. August 1118) war byzantinischer Kaiser von 1081 bis 1118. Leben Alexios war ein Neffe des Kaisers …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Alexios II. Komnenos — (griechisch Ἀλέξιος Β Κομνηνός, * 10. September 1167 in Konstantinopel; † Oktober 1183) war byzantinischer Kaiser ab 1180. Er war ein Sohn Kaiser Manuels I. Komnenos und Marias, der Tochter des Raimund von Antiochia. Bei Manuels Tod 1180… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Alexios II Komnenos —    Emperor (q.v.) from 1180 1183, but, in reality, little more than a tragic footnote to the growing hostility between East and West during the early Crusades (q.v.). Son of Manuel I and Maria of Antioch (qq.v.), he was too young to rule in his… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Alexios III Komnenos —    See Panaretos, Michael …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Alexios Angelos Komnenos (Byzanz) — Alexios Angelos Komnenos war ein byzantinischer Prinz des 12. Jahrhunderts, Enkel von Kaiser Alexios I., aus der Dynastie der Komnenen. Seine Eltern waren Konstantin Angelos und Theodora Komnene. Er hatte drei Brüder, Johannes, Andronikos und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Alexios Komnenos — ist der Name folgender Personen: Alexios I. Komnenos (1048–1118), byzantinischer Kaiser von 1081 bis 1118, siehe Alexios I. (Byzanz) Alexios I. Komnenos (1182–1222), Kaiser von Trapezunt von 1204 bis 1222, siehe Alexios I. (Trapezunt) Alexios II …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexios Komnenos — Alexios Komnenos, latinized as Alexius Comnenus, may refer to: Alexios I Komnenos, Byzantine emperor (1081–1118) Alexios Komnenos (d. 1136), son of Isaac Komnenos Alexios Komnenos (co emperor), son of John II Komnenos Alexios Komnenos (son of… …   Wikipedia

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